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Understanding Different Types of Acne on Skin


Acne is characterized by inflammation of the skin and the development of zits and other acne-like lesions. Several reasons, including clogged sebaceous (oil) glands and an accumulation of sebum (a waxy material that protects your skin), and superficial debris, contribute to its chronic nature (dead skin cells, bacteria, and dirt).

Acne can appear for a variety of reasons. Acne can be caused by many different things, including changes in temperature and humidity, using specific cosmetics, heredity, stress, and even menstruation and pregnancy.

Acne comes in various forms, and knowing which one you have is crucial to choosing a therapy that works. Acne can be roughly divided into two categories: inflammatory and non-inflammatory.

Non-inflammatory acne

Acne that isn’t inflammatory typically doesn’t lead to redness or edema. Blackheads and whiteheads are the most common kinds of non-inflammatory acne.

  1. Blackheads

Blackheads on the nose are a type of imperfection that tend to cluster. The oil that becomes trapped in the pore gives them a black tint, making them easy to mistake for dirt. This oil becomes black when exposed to air.

  1. Whiteheads

In comparison to blackheads, whiteheads appear softer and rounder. When the pore becomes clogged with oil and dead skin cells, it closes off at the skin’s surface, creating a whitehead.

Options for medical care

Noninflammatory acne scars can be treated with a variety of OTC products. They usually have more than one active component.

Whiteheads and blackheads can be reduced by using over-the-counter treatments that contain the following ingredients:

Inflammatory acne

Inflammatory acne, in contrast to blackheads and whiteheads, results in inflammation and edema. Although sebum and dead skin cells contribute to the formation of inflammatory acne, bacteria are ultimately responsible for the inflammatory reaction they provoke.

  1. Papules

Imperfections that become inflamed are called papules. The symptoms manifest themselves externally on the skin. A close inspection reveals what appear to be red bumps or lumps on the skin. In contrast to popular belief, their heads are not white.

The papules on your skin may be very big or very little. In addition to the face, they can appear anywhere else on your body, such as the neck, chest, shoulders, back, and buttocks.

Options for medical care

2.Pustules (pimples) (pimples)

Larger, sensitive lumps called pustules have white or yellowish pus in their centers and a clearly defined circular outline. Around a pustule, lighter skin tones will have a redder or pinker appearance, while darker skin tones will have a deeper brown or black hue.

The pus in a pustule is made up of white blood cells (immune cells) and bacterial cells (bacteria) that have gathered in the clogged orifice.

Pimples resemble whiteheads, but they are larger and redder due to inflammation.

Options for medical care

Papules and pustules can be treated with a variety of home treatments and over-the-counter drugs. Products containing benzoyl peroxide are effective against bacteria, as is cleaning the afflicted region twice daily with cool water and soap.

Making use of salicylic acid-based treatments to scrub away dead skin and other buildup

  1. Nodules

When the hair follicle’s lining begins to deteriorate, a nodule forms. Thus, oil and bacteria penetrate even further into the skin. These bacteria produce an illness that can be rather unpleasant and can manifest in a variety of skin imperfections across a number of pores. Having such a deep root system, nodules can cause irreparable harm to the skin and leave behind unsightly scars.

Options for medical care

The occasional nodule is usually manageable with over-the-counter medication. You can reduce pain and inflammation from a blemish by applying ice to the affected region. A nodule or any other type of pimple should never be squeezed.

Healing time for nodules varies from a few weeks to several months. They are big and buried, so that’s why.

  1. Acne cysts

Acne cysts are big pimples that form when there is an intense inflammatory reaction deep within the pore. When the lining of a pore breaks, germs and oil can leak out and infect the skin around it, leading to a cyst. A cyst develops if a membrane closes in on the diseased area. Discolorations like these can be very uncomfortable.

Options for medical care

Visit a dermatologist if you have a history of severe acne breakouts. Typical over-the-counter acne remedies are ineffective here. Cystic acne cannot be treated well with over-the-counter or natural therapies.

Cystic acne is best treated with oral medicines like Absorica (isotretinoin).

When you should see a doctor

Mild to moderate acne can take up to three months of persistent home and over-the-counter treatment to clear up. It can take a lot longer for severe inflammatory acne to heal.

Whiteheads, blackheads, papules, or pustules on the skin are accompanied by:


A person’s quality of life can suffer when they are afflicted with severe acne. Most cases of acne, however, are treatable with over-the-counter products.

In more severe situations, call a dermatologist doctor in Lahore might advise taking antibiotics, getting a procedure done, or applying topical ointments to lessen the development of acne.


  1. What is the most serious type of acne?

One of the severest forms of acne is called acne conglobata. There are a large number of inflammatory nodules that are linked to one another subcutaneously. The neck, chest, arms, and posterior can all be affected. This is a common cause of scarring.

  1. How do you know if acne is bacterial?

Whiteheads with a red border are called pustules, and they are the hallmark of bacterial acne. Acne is typically brought on by a bacterial infection of blocked pores. Antibiotics are often administered when acne is severe.

  1. Where is acne most common?

The most oil (sebaceous) glands are located in the parts of the skin where acne most commonly develops, which includes the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders. The oil glands in your skin are linked to your hair follicles.

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